2016年11月1日 星期二

Ming Pao Editorial : Xi hexin and new democracy [Editorial]  Editorial : Xi hexin and new democracy 習核心推新權威新民主 反腐辣招還靠輿論監督

Editorial : Xi hexin and new democracy [Editorial]  Editorial : Xi hexin and new democracy
習核心推新權威新民主 反腐辣招還靠輿論監督

Publishing Date: 2016/11/1

【明報專訊】AT the 6th plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), which closed last week, Xi Jinping was established as the hexin (core) of the whole Party, and Certain Criteria Regarding Intra-Party Political Life in the New Situation and Rules of Intra-Party Supervision of the Communist Party of China (two sets of regulations applicable to Party members) were adopted. Xi Jinping will go to any length to beef up the authority he has as a leader. In the making of the two sets of regulations, he increased intra-Party democracy. This is the new "basic point" of what the "Xi hexin regime" will do in running the Party and the country.

 audio 1


The CPC Central Committee stressed at its 6th plenum, "Intra-Party democracy is the Party's life. No body or member of the Party should suppress or disrupt intra-Party democracy. Any member of the Party is entitled to disclose or report responsibly to the Party any illegality or irregularity on the part of any body or any other member of the Party. Those who do so are encouraged to give real names." It can thus be seen that the Xi hexin's "new authority" includes "new democracy". In other words, he puts greater emphasis than any of his predecessors on protecting the democratic rights Party bodies at all levels enjoy and especially those rank-and-file Party members enjoy. At the same time, he wants to ensure by means of this sort of democratic intra-Party supervision that "decrees will go out of Zhongnanhai" — that the Xi hexin regime's general and specific policies will be carried out.

 audio 2


The Rules have yet to be made public in full. However, they presumably include at least what has to do with political lines and policies and with the war against corruption. Since shibada (the 18th National Congress of the CPC) ended, many high-ranking officials have been toppled. The situation is disastrous. This shows "princes" and "high officers on the frontier" have been severely afflicted. It once was a problem "who should supervise one who heads a province or a municipality". Therefore, the central authorities have set up a group of inspectors who are like "imperial commissioners" as times require. If intra-Party supervision amounts to much in the wake of the 6th plenum, it will presumably be an efficacious cure for the malady of "always managing to find ways to counter superior authorities' measures" (which is prevalent among province and municipality heads) and the vice of "taking the lead in being corrupt" and that of "collective corruption".

 audio 3


However, that is inadequate. Since shibada ended, many an official who heads a province or a municipality has committed crimes in spite of and contrary to admonitions. Such an official may restrain himself when the central authorities' inspectors are on his turf, but he will be as corrupt as he has been once they leave. Such a high-ranking official is often caught when those inspectors give him a "back thrust". One may say never over the past four years has the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) or the central authorities' group of inspectors been soft or merciful to any corrupt officials. However, because there is now a high degree of "power-market integration" on the mainland, demons called greed often manage to induce frail souls to break flimsy rules. Things are not yet actually such that no officials dare to be corrupt, and efforts have yet to be directed at making it "impossible" or "undesirable" to be corrupt. Therefore intra-Party supervision is inadequate. It is necessary to use two anti-corruption means that have proved effective in other places — public supervision and the policy of leaving everything in the sun. The authorities should allow the public to supervise them so that officials can hardly "shield one another". We believe that, with the people's help, high-ranking officials can exorcise demons called greed from their souls. If they manage to do so, the CCDI will have much less to do.

 audio 4




beef up

make something bigger, better, more interesting, etc


the place where somebody lives and/or works, especially when they think of it as their own


remove something that is bad or painful from your mind


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